Declaration of the Rights of the Moon

Draft for circulation and discussion
version: 11 February 2021

We the people of Earth -

Acknowledging the unique, intact, interconnected lunar environments and landscapes which exist on the Moon;

Acknowledging the ancient, primordial relationship between Earth and the Moon;

Mindful of how much is still unknown about the co-origins of Earth and the Moon;

Aware that the Moon is critically important to the healthy functioning of the Earth System, and is a vital sustaining component of all life on Earth;

Aware that the Moon holds deep cultural and spiritual meaning for human beings;

Acknowledging that the cycles of the Moon have enabled life itself to evolve on Earth;

Mindful of the immeasurable value the Moon holds as a repository of deep time and connection among all beings who have ever lived on Earth, since its features have remained almost unchanged since time immemorial;

Conscious that wealthy nations and corporations are developing technologies that may make it possible to return to, live on, mine and otherwise alter the Moon;

Aware of humanity’s impact on the Earth - causing ecosystem collapse, a new era of mass species extinction and global climate change - and seeking to avoid destruction and change to the natural systems and ecosystems of the Moon,

Declare that -

  1. The Moon – which consists of but is not limited to: its surface and subsurface landscapes including mountains and craters, rocks and boulders, regolith, dust, mantle, core, minerals, gases, water, ice, boundary exosphere, surrounding lunar orbits, cislunar space – is a sovereign natural entity in its own right and, in accordance with established international space law, no nation, entity, or individual of Earth may assert ownership or territorial sovereignty of the Moon.
  2. The Moon possesses fundamental rights, which arise from its existence in the universe, including:
    • (a) the right to exist, persist and continue its vital cycles unaltered, unharmed and unpolluted by human beings;
    • (b) the right to maintain ecological integrity;
    • (c) the right to be defined as a self-sustaining, intelligent, cohesive, intact lunar ecosystem, beyond current human comprehension;
    • (d) the right to independently maintain its own life-sustaining relationship with the Earth’s environments and living creatures; and
    • (e) the right to remain a forever peaceful celestial entity, unmarred by human conflict or warfare.

More information

For information about the development of the Declaration of the Rights of the Moon, please see this page.

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243 signatures

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Latest Signatures

243 Jacqueline H. Phoenix United States
242 Pella T. Ingarö Sweden
241 Anonymous Elgin United Kingdom
240 Anonymous Melbourne Australia
239 Willi L. Bath United States
238 Anonymous Rockledge United States
237 Anonymous South Plympton Australia The Moon isn't "dead". It's a crucial member of the Earth's living ecosystem.
236 Gianni B. Fagagna Italy
235 Anonymous Lisbon Portugal
234 Louis F. Wien Austria We dont want a lunar cold war! I say no, to an exploitation of the moon!
233 MARIA F. Vienna Austria The moon has to be protected at all cost! How is it possible to still have this colonial approach of first come, first serve in the 21st century?
232 Murielle A. Viroflay France
231 Anonymous Wallsend, Tyne and Wear United Kingdom A beautiful and timely declaration.
230 Anonymous Bremen Germany
229 Anonymous Yerevan Armenia
228 Enid L. Richmond United Kingdom
227 Anonymous Fairlie United Kingdom
226 Anonymous Pasadena United States
225 Tom C. LONDON United Kingdom
224 Anonymous London United Kingdom
223 Dean T. Leatherhead United Kingdom
222 Kate C. Oxford United Kingdom I've not yet read the declaration but I think this is an important, hopeful, healthy and needed act. The moon is powerful and precious and can not become yet another colonised and exploited natural space. She should be valued and respected.
221 Matthew R. Lake Haven Australia The moon may shine its happy smile in my Guinness any day or night and I thank the moon for the art it inspires the most when we are close together Oh a twinkle in my eye when i see the smiling full moon in my Guinness shine brights it inspire me all day and night ode to Moon
220 Anonymous Pensacola, FL United States
219 Anonymous LUCKNOW India
218 Anonymous Norwich United Kingdom
217 Anonymous Totnes United Kingdom
216 Anonymous Newcastle East Australia
215 Anonymous DC United States
214 Heather W. New Malden United Kingdom I think it important that the moon remains as it is, that no one country owns it nor does anything to mess up another planet.
213 Ted C. Brisbane Australia
212 Anonymous Stroud United Kingdom
211 Anonymous Sarasota United States
210 Camille H. Saint-Flour France
209 Mary-Jane R. Middletown United States
208 James O. Belfast United Kingdom Mining the moon is unconscionable
207 Anonymous Lampeter United Kingdom
206 Lorna E. Cardiff ??
205 Adam L. East Sussex United Kingdom
204 Anonymous newton United States
203 Ruby P. Seattle, WA United States
202 Vanessa H. Hatfield United Kingdom
201 Jiva J. Brighton United Kingdom
200 Anonymous Dilbeek Belgium
199 Anonymous Londom United Kingdom The Moon is too precious and vital. We look up to it and live with it. Its magic and poetry amd huge influence belongs to no-one and everyone.
198 Anonymous Worthing United Kingdom
197 Stefa S. Vancouver Canada
196 Woody P. New Orleans United States Is nothing sacred?
195 Lucy L. Vancouver Canada
194 Anonymous Chapel Hill United States