Declaration of the Rights of the Moon

Draft for circulation and discussion
version: 11 February 2021

We the people of Earth -

Acknowledging the unique, intact, interconnected lunar environments and landscapes which exist on the Moon;

Acknowledging the ancient, primordial relationship between Earth and the Moon;

Mindful of how much is still unknown about the co-origins of Earth and the Moon;

Aware that the Moon is critically important to the healthy functioning of the Earth System, and is a vital sustaining component of all life on Earth;

Aware that the Moon holds deep cultural and spiritual meaning for human beings;

Acknowledging that the cycles of the Moon have enabled life itself to evolve on Earth;

Mindful of the immeasurable value the Moon holds as a repository of deep time and connection among all beings who have ever lived on Earth, since its features have remained almost unchanged since time immemorial;

Conscious that wealthy nations and corporations are developing technologies that may make it possible to return to, live on, mine and otherwise alter the Moon;

Aware of humanity’s impact on the Earth - causing ecosystem collapse, a new era of mass species extinction and global climate change - and seeking to avoid destruction and change to the natural systems and ecosystems of the Moon,

Declare that -

  1. The Moon – which consists of but is not limited to: its surface and subsurface landscapes including mountains and craters, rocks and boulders, regolith, dust, mantle, core, minerals, gases, water, ice, boundary exosphere, surrounding lunar orbits, cislunar space – is a sovereign natural entity in its own right and, in accordance with established international space law, no nation, entity, or individual of Earth may assert ownership or territorial sovereignty of the Moon.
  2. The Moon possesses fundamental rights, which arise from its existence in the universe, including:
    • (a) the right to exist, persist and continue its vital cycles unaltered, unharmed and unpolluted by human beings;
    • (b) the right to maintain ecological integrity;
    • (c) the right to be defined as a self-sustaining, intelligent, cohesive, intact lunar ecosystem, beyond current human comprehension;
    • (d) the right to independently maintain its own life-sustaining relationship with the Earth’s environments and living creatures; and
    • (e) the right to remain a forever peaceful celestial entity, unmarred by human conflict or warfare.

More information

For information about the development of the Declaration of the Rights of the Moon, please see this page.

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Latest Signatures

157 Bernadette T. Melbourne Australia
156 Anonymous North Sydney Australia
155 Noni T. Melbourne Australia
154 Bernadette C. Wendouree Australia
153 Paul M. Brisbane Australia
152 Anonymous Derry Ireland
151 Anonymous Edinburgh United Kingdom
150 Anonymous Melbourne Australia The cycles between moon and sea move me to pledge my support to this declaration. May we hold sacred our Grandmother moon and appreciate her with humbleness and restraint, keeping our feet on the Earth and looking up at her in awe & appreciation, rather than as a place to conquer
149 Anonymous PRINCES HILL Australia
148 Anonymous St Austell United Kingdom
147 Laura G. Chula Vista United States
146 Shelley O. Jerusalem Israel Thank you for this vital initiative!
145 Anonymous New York United States
144 Anonymous Melbourne Australia I wish we had done the same for Earth a long time ago.
143 Anonymous Brisbane Australia
142 Michel F. Paris France
141 Anonymous Sydney Australia
140 Anonymous Pittsburgh United States
139 Lauren H. Gold Coast Australia
138 Sharon M. Gold Coast Australia
137 Carolyn S. Whiting United States
136 Anonymous Brisbane/ Byron Bay Australia As someone who watched the original Moon landing: What thinking will be taken to the Moon? Who gets to decide what are acceptable commercial and environmental behaviours on the Moon? And what moral care is being provided as humans expand their footprint outside of Earth.
135 Anonymous Launceston Australia
134 Anne J. Mexico City Mexico
133 Michelle H. Manchester United Kingdom
132 Anonymous Castro Verde Portugal
131 Ursula D. Melbourne Australia
130 Fran M. Fitzroy Australia
129 Anonymous Brisbane Australia
128 Glenn C. Brisbane Australia
127 Jaime H. Paddington Australia
126 Anonymous Portland United States
125 Anonymous Auckland New Zealand Waiho! Tiaki Marama ma Rona! Leave it alone. Care for the moon!
124 Tim D. MOUNT LAWLEY Australia
123 Anonymous Melbourne Australia
122 James O. Dublin, Ireland Uniquely important to prohibit pollution of the moon by earthlings
121 Anonymous Bear United States Yes to ALL of this.
120 Anonymous London United Kingdom Humans need to respect the sanctity of the Moon, and not exploit it for commerce.
119 Anonymous Canberra Australia
118 Margaret B. Mentone Australia
117 Emma B. Brisbane Australia
116 Anonymous Hobart Australia
115 James T. Upper Sturt Australia
114 Michael N. Melbourne Australia
113 Troy D. Carina Australia
112 Raymond P. BRONX United States
111 Carol C. Euroa Australia A necessary and important document. Clear and concise - congratulations.
110 Anonymous Annecy France
109 Linelle S. Sydney Australia
108 Anonymous Mooney Pond Australia