Declaration of the Rights of the Moon

Draft for circulation and discussion
version: 11 February 2021

We the people of Earth -

Acknowledging the unique, intact, interconnected lunar environments and landscapes which exist on the Moon;

Acknowledging the ancient, primordial relationship between Earth and the Moon;

Mindful of how much is still unknown about the co-origins of Earth and the Moon;

Aware that the Moon is critically important to the healthy functioning of the Earth System, and is a vital sustaining component of all life on Earth;

Aware that the Moon holds deep cultural and spiritual meaning for human beings;

Acknowledging that the cycles of the Moon have enabled life itself to evolve on Earth;

Mindful of the immeasurable value the Moon holds as a repository of deep time and connection among all beings who have ever lived on Earth, since its features have remained almost unchanged since time immemorial;

Conscious that wealthy nations and corporations are developing technologies that may make it possible to return to, live on, mine and otherwise alter the Moon;

Aware of humanity’s impact on the Earth - causing ecosystem collapse, a new era of mass species extinction and global climate change - and seeking to avoid destruction and change to the natural systems and ecosystems of the Moon,

Declare that -

  1. The Moon – which consists of but is not limited to: its surface and subsurface landscapes including mountains and craters, rocks and boulders, regolith, dust, mantle, core, minerals, gases, water, ice, boundary exosphere, surrounding lunar orbits, cislunar space – is a sovereign natural entity in its own right and, in accordance with established international space law, no nation, entity, or individual of Earth may assert ownership or territorial sovereignty of the Moon.
  2. The Moon possesses fundamental rights, which arise from its existence in the universe, including:
    • (a) the right to exist, persist and continue its vital cycles unaltered, unharmed and unpolluted by human beings;
    • (b) the right to maintain ecological integrity;
    • (c) the right to be defined as a self-sustaining, intelligent, cohesive, intact lunar ecosystem, beyond current human comprehension;
    • (d) the right to independently maintain its own life-sustaining relationship with the Earth’s environments and living creatures; and
    • (e) the right to remain a forever peaceful celestial entity, unmarred by human conflict or warfare.

More information

For information about the development of the Declaration of the Rights of the Moon, please see this page.

If you would like to connect with the creators of the Moon Declaration please email: aela@earthlaws.org.au

 

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288 signatures

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Latest Signatures

288 Sarah M. Mparntwe Australia don't nuke the moon! It's hard to write a poem without mentioning the moon
287 Iris E. Cincinnati United States
286 Juan D. Merida Mexico Very good I like
285 Jonah N. Simsbury United States
284 Hugues M. Amiens France
283 Eleni I. Helsinki Finland The Moon (and outer space) shouldn't become the subject of exploitation. Love to read about this initiative. Thank you!
282 Ram Ramprasad R. Lansdale United States https://pureecoindia.in/humans-have-destroyed-earth-now-they-want-to-make-money-off-the-moon/
281 Anonymous San Diego United States
280 Merkel T. Lörrach Germany
279 ardaga w. Piatã Brazil Billionaires, military–industrial complex, dog-gone crazy presidentes (...) HANDS OFF THE MOON!
278 Anonymous Athens Greece
277 Gregor G. Berlin Germany
276 Whitney F. Chevy Chase United States
275 Tim M. Pullman United States It is important to consider heritage before it is lost for good!
274 Mau P. Orleans France This is so important ! And, unfortunately, so needed. Thank you.
273 Jason K. Eau Claire United States An invaluable resource for which without it's existence humanity itself could not exist.
272 Elizabeth V. Eau Claire United States Thank you for leading this invaluable effort to protect our moon.
271 Kate L. Kerrville United States
270 PREAULT V. SURESNES France
269 Tamara A. New York City United States
268 Anonymous Alcester United States Keep humans from destroying our moon! If they hurt the moon they will hurt us on earth! We need our moon more than they need to be on it!!
267 Lauren C. Bega Australia
266 Riley A. Boca Raton United States
265 Kimberly O. Ashtonfield Australia
264 Anonymous Annandale Australia
263 Penny c. Christchurch New Zealand
262 C T. Lyttelton New Zealand
261 Ferrier-Barbut M. Geyssans France Merci !
260 Anonymous Heyfield. Vic Australia
259 Anonymous IVANHOE EAST Australia
258 Giovanni G. Monticello Brianza - Lecco Italy
257 Torsten K. Berlin Germany
256 Margaret B. CARLTON Australia Congratulations on this excellent and important initiative.
255 Markus R. Wien Austria
254 Anonymous Vienna Austria
253 Claudia B. wien Austria
252 Weidinger A. Seewalchen a.A. Austria
251 Anonymous Ambleside United Kingdom
250 Anonymous Balinese Indonesia
249 Sarah F. Whitehall United States
248 Frances W. Los Angeles California United States
247 Dalton K. Herrin United States
246 Nicholas P. Orlando United States
245 Anonymous San Luis Obispo United States
244 Anonymous Dallas United States
243 Jacqueline H. Phoenix United States
242 Pella T. Ingarö Sweden
241 Anonymous Elgin United Kingdom
240 Anonymous Melbourne Australia
239 Willi L. Bath United States