Declaration of the Rights of the Moon

Draft for circulation and discussion
version: 11 February 2021

We the people of Earth -

Acknowledging the unique, intact, interconnected lunar environments and landscapes which exist on the Moon;

Acknowledging the ancient, primordial relationship between Earth and the Moon;

Mindful of how much is still unknown about the co-origins of Earth and the Moon;

Aware that the Moon is critically important to the healthy functioning of the Earth System, and is a vital sustaining component of all life on Earth;

Aware that the Moon holds deep cultural and spiritual meaning for human beings;

Acknowledging that the cycles of the Moon have enabled life itself to evolve on Earth;

Mindful of the immeasurable value the Moon holds as a repository of deep time and connection among all beings who have ever lived on Earth, since its features have remained almost unchanged since time immemorial;

Conscious that wealthy nations and corporations are developing technologies that may make it possible to return to, live on, mine and otherwise alter the Moon;

Aware of humanity’s impact on the Earth - causing ecosystem collapse, a new era of mass species extinction and global climate change - and seeking to avoid destruction and change to the natural systems and ecosystems of the Moon,

Declare that -

  1. The Moon – which consists of but is not limited to: its surface and subsurface landscapes including mountains and craters, rocks and boulders, regolith, dust, mantle, core, minerals, gases, water, ice, boundary exosphere, surrounding lunar orbits, cislunar space – is a sovereign natural entity in its own right and, in accordance with established international space law, no nation, entity, or individual of Earth may assert ownership or territorial sovereignty of the Moon.
  2. The Moon possesses fundamental rights, which arise from its existence in the universe, including:
    • (a) the right to exist, persist and continue its vital cycles unaltered, unharmed and unpolluted by human beings;
    • (b) the right to maintain ecological integrity;
    • (c) the right to be defined as a self-sustaining, intelligent, cohesive, intact lunar ecosystem, beyond current human comprehension;
    • (d) the right to independently maintain its own life-sustaining relationship with the Earth’s environments and living creatures; and
    • (e) the right to remain a forever peaceful celestial entity, unmarred by human conflict or warfare.

More information

For information about the development of the Declaration of the Rights of the Moon, please see this page.

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316 signatures

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Latest Signatures

316 Anonymous Montreal Canada
315 Linda D. Wales United Kingdom
314 Anonymous Istanbul Turkey
313 Anonymous Randwick Australia The moon is vital for so many aspects of human life, from culture to science, to stabilising our planet. To destroy the moon, its memory unto itself, and any heritage or scientific inforamtion contained within its presence only makes humanity worse off.
312 Avery J. Atlanta United States
311 Sajidah A. Koah Australia
310 Lawrence H. Malanda Australia
309 Brian E. Speewah Australia
308 Lorraine S. Mornington Australia
307 Julie-Ann H. Leura Australia
306 Daniel M. Katoomba Australia The Moon is sacred and must be protected.
305 Alasdair T. Sydney Australia
304 Ana F. Leura Australia Can we all understand the violence in mining the earth resources and not make the same mistake on the moon. The moon is a sacred space and deserves respect.
303 Maureen A. Aberystwyth United Kingdom
302 Ian T. Reedy Creek 4227 Australia Keep the ultra rich from pollution our Moon with space junk, habitation and mining ventures.
301 Chris S. Koah Australia The moon belongs to us all. Leave it alone for us all to enjoy!
300 Leslie M. Randwick Australia We need to protect the Moon from desecration eg human settlement, mining, exploitation,
299 Gillian S. Koah Australia Thank you for this opportunity…
298 Anonymous Kitakyushu Zimbabwe
297 ADRIAN G. CDMX Mexico Mexican Space Agency
296 Anonymous Tbilisi Georgia
295 Anonymous Tasmania Australia
294 Sonya McKay A. Newcastle Australia There is a need for protection towards all heritage, our origin, and who we are
293 Anonymous Gresham United States I fully support the efforts to halt the exploitation of the earth and all entities in existence in outer space.
292 Philip H. St John's NL Canada
291 Hamish R. Lincoln New Zealand I have used the Moon to teach environmental planning students to think creatively, 'outside the sphere'. Hence interest in this.
290 Anonymous Cambuslang United Kingdom
289 Paul T. NEWQUAY United Kingdom
288 Sarah M. Mparntwe Australia don't nuke the moon! It's hard to write a poem without mentioning the moon
287 Iris E. Cincinnati United States
286 Juan D. Merida Mexico Very good I like
285 Jonah N. Simsbury United States
284 Hugues M. Amiens France
283 Eleni I. Helsinki Finland The Moon (and outer space) shouldn't become the subject of exploitation. Love to read about this initiative. Thank you!
282 Ram Ramprasad R. Lansdale United States
281 Anonymous San Diego United States
280 Merkel T. Lörrach Germany
279 ardaga w. Piatã Brazil Billionaires, military–industrial complex, dog-gone crazy presidentes (...) HANDS OFF THE MOON!
278 Anonymous Athens Greece
277 Gregor G. Berlin Germany
276 Whitney F. Chevy Chase United States
275 Tim M. Pullman United States It is important to consider heritage before it is lost for good!
274 Mau P. Orleans France This is so important ! And, unfortunately, so needed. Thank you.
273 Jason K. Eau Claire United States An invaluable resource for which without it's existence humanity itself could not exist.
272 Elizabeth V. Eau Claire United States Thank you for leading this invaluable effort to protect our moon.
271 Kate L. Kerrville United States
269 Tamara A. New York City United States
268 Anonymous Alcester United States Keep humans from destroying our moon! If they hurt the moon they will hurt us on earth! We need our moon more than they need to be on it!!
267 Lauren C. Bega Australia